Glaical animals on Alaskan glaciers

Ice worms are most popular animals on glaciers in Alaska and North America. However, they can not found on all of the Alaskan glaciers. They are living on the certain glaciers there. For example, no ice worm is living on Gulkana, Worthington, Matanuska, and Juneau Icefield, while a bunch of them on Harding icefield. Snow flea (collembola) are seen on most of glaciers in Alaska.

An ice worm in melt water pool.

Ice worms appeared on red snow surface.

Many snow flea appeared on the snow surface.

A collembola with white antena. Several species are found on Alaskan glaciers.


  • Takeuchi, N. (2001): The altitudinal distribution of snow algae on an Alaska glacier (Gulkana Glacier in the Alaska Range), Hydrological Processes, 3447-3459. [Abstract]
  • Takeuchi, N., Koshima, S., and Segawa, T. (2003): Effect of cryoconite and snow algal communities on surface albedo on maritime glaciers in south Alaska, Bulletin of Glaciological Research, 20, accepted [Abstract]

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