Wingless Glacial Midge

The glacial midge has been discovered on Yala Glacier, Lantang Region in Nepal in 1982 by Dr. Shiro Kohshima.

Wingless glacial midges (September)

Yala Glacier, Lantang region in Nepal., where many snow animals can be found.

Larva movie

Larva of the midge are moving in a meltwater pond (May)

Larva and copepods

Maiting adults (September)


  • Kohshima, S., 1984: A novel cold-tolerant insect found in a Himalayan glacier. Nature 310: 225-227.
  • Kohshima, S., 1987: Glacial biology and biotic communities. In Kawano, S., Connell, J. H., and Hidaka, T. (eds.), Evolution and Coadaptation in Biotic Communities. Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, 77-92.

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